Screening for High Blood Pressure / Hypertension

To know more about Screening for High Blood Pressure / Hypertension. How frequency to monitor and diagnosis of Hypertension.

High Blood Pressure / Hypertension

Serious repercussions such as strokes, heart attacks, renal failure, damage to the eyes or cardiac failure may result from high blood pressure. Sphygmomanometer is the device used to measure blood pressure.

Nary 60% deaths across the world occur due to Hypertension. In today’s world, High blood pressure is a major health concern. In United States during 2005 an estimated 35.3 million men and 38.3 million women suffered from High blood pressure.

High blood pressure is also referred as ‘the silent killer’ and is responsible for around 6% deaths globally.  Although Hypertension does not causes significant symptoms on it’s own, it leads to serious aftermaths if left untreated.

The fatal complications include stroke, heart attack, renal failure, eye damages or heart failure. An early detection and treatment of high blood pressure, serious repercussions can be evaded. Owing to the common occurrence of high blood pressure, Hypertension screening is recommended.

The hypertensive patient does note experience any symptoms till serious complication occur. Resorting to life style alterations and medications are effective in treating Hypertension.

Screening for high blood pressure enables us an early identification of the problem. It is done via sphygmomanometer.

When should you monitor your blood pressure?

If you are above 18 years of age, then you should start monitoring your blood pressure regularly.

What should be the frequency of monitoring blood pressure?

Blood pressure should be checked once in every two years. But if it is detected high at some point then three months monitoring is recommended.

How to check blood pressure?

Sphygmomanometer is the device used to measure blood pressure.

Following steps are followed while calculating the blood pressure:

  • Cuff is wrapped around the patient’s arm
  • The stethoscope is kept over the artery of elbow.
  • Slowly the pressure in the cuff is increased. The reading on the marked scale of the sphygmanometer is noted where the heart beat are first heard and are called as ‘systolic blood pressure’
  • The cuff pressure is then lowered and the point where the heart beat sound ceases is noted. This is the ‘diastolic blood pressure’

A variety of automated blood pressure calculating devices are available in the market. They help an individual to measure the blood pressure without seeking the help of the healthcare provider.

For the measurement of blood pressure in children, the device should have a small cuff.

High Blood Pressure Screening – FAQs

Some frequent queries about blood pressure screening.

What is Hypertension/High Blood Pressure?

A systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or more and a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or more is termed as Hypertension or high blood pressure. It varies with age and is dependent on a number of factors. The normal blood pressure is 120/80mm Hg. The present accepted range is 110/70 mmHg.

Whom to consult if I have Hypertension?

You should take the advices of a general physician; a cardiologist is needed if you have complications of Hypertension.

If I am diagnosed with Hypertension, am I supposed to take medications for life?

If the blood pressure is not very high, some lifestyle changes may prove to be beneficial, but if you have Hypertension, then long-term medications are needed.



References:

http://www.annals.org/content/147/11/I-43.full

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/162449-overview#aw2aab6b4